Sustainable Energy for Indonesia

Sustainable Energy



Using less energy to get the same job done – in the process, cutting energy bills and reducing pollution



The issue of waste is not a new one in society. Garbage may come from a variety of sources



A concept about ecological city that focuses also on environmental and healthy lifestyle aspects



Development of energy innovation to reduce pollution caused by energy produced by petroleum



Simply put, energy efficiency means using less energy to get the same job done – and in the process, cutting energy bills and reducing pollution. Many products, homes, and buildings use more energy than they actually need, through inefficiencies and energy waste. Energy efficiency is one of the easiest ways to eliminate energy waste and lower energy costs. It is also one of the most cost-effective ways to combat climate change, clean the air we breathe, help families meet their budgets, and help businesses improve their bottom lines. Millions of American consumers and businesses choose or invest in energy-efficient products.

Lingkup Skema Konservasi Energi (LSP)

Cost Saving

Additional Profits Reduces energy costs that produce new long term operating profits and cashflow to the company.

Increased Competitivenes

Increased Competitiveness Reduces energy consumption and GHG emissions that can open up new global markets for its products by complying with environmental standards of international buyers, and can make the company more financially competitive.

Green Footprint

Green Footprint with fewer emissions, improves the company’s brand value and image in the public’s and government’s eye

Regulatory Compliance

Regulatory Compliance Meets requirements of Indonesia’s National Energy conservation regulation (PP No. 70/2009) for facilities consuming more than 6,000 ToE per year to have an energy audit and implement EEPs.

Examples of energy efficiency


Anywhere that energy is used, there is an opportunity to improve efficiency. Some products, like energy-efficient light bulbs, simply use less energy to produce the same amount of light. Other products don’t use energy directly, but they improve the overall efficiency and comfort of a house or a building (such as thermal insulation or windows).

  1. Light bulbs: An LED light bulb that has earned the ENERGY STAR label uses 70-90% less energy than an incandescent light bulb, while providing the same illumination.
  2. Windows: Energy-efficient windows are made with materials that reduce heat exchange and air leaks, which means you don’t need as much energy to heat or cool a space.
  3. Insulation: Adding more insulation to an attic keeps the warm air inside from escaping in the winter. In the summer, it keeps hot air out. With good insulation, you won’t need to use as much energy to keep your house warm in the winter or cool in the summer.
  4. Smart thermostats: Smart thermostats are Wi-Fi enabled devices that control heating and cooling in your home by learning your temperature preferences and schedule to automatically adjust to energy-saving temperatures when you are asleep or away. They can help you lower your energy bills by not spending money to heat or cool an empty house.
  5. Computer power management: Computers can be set to automatically enter a low-power “sleep” mode when not in use.


Energy efficiency protects the environment


Most light switches and outlets pull electricity from nearby power plants. These power plants typically burn fossil fuels, such as natural gas and coal. A byproduct of burning fossil fuels is the release of greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide, which contribute to climate change. More information on greenhouse gases. These power plant emissions also contain other harmful air pollutants, such as nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide, and particulate matter, that lead to unhealthy air. Learn about common air pollutants. Fossil fuels are also often burned directly to heat our buildings, such as in furnaces and boilers, and for water heating and cooking. This can impact indoor air quality in your home, as well as contribute to outdoor air pollution. By using energy more efficiently, we can help reduce emissions of greenhouse gases and other air pollution, fight the threat of climate change, and help to protect our health and the environment.


Energy efficiency saves money


By lowering energy use, energy efficiency reduces monthly energy bills and makes energy more affordable for businesses and families. Some energy-efficient products cost more to buy than other options, but they typically save you money over the long term. For example, an energy-efficient electric heat pump water heater could cost about $700 more than a standard electric water heater, but the energy savings typically add up to $3,500 over the life of the equipment. As you can see, the higher purchase price is more than offset by ongoing bill savings, reducing energy costs for consumers and businesses. To address this initial cost barrier, many utilities offer rebates and discounts ranging from $150 to $1000 off the cost of a heat pump water heater. Find information on rebates and other discounts.


Energy efficiency helps address energy equity


By reducing monthly energy bills, energy efficiency can lessen the strain of paying for energy, especially for families with high energy burdens – meaning a larger percentage of their income goes to paying energy bills than the average household. Installing energy-efficient products like light bulbs, windows, or efficient appliances can help to bring down a household’s energy burden, making energy more affordable. Families experiencing energy insecurity can face the difficult choice between paying monthly energy bills or putting food on the table. Energy efficiency can help households financially and improve the health, comfort and safety of families in their homes.



The issue of waste is not a new one in society. Garbage may come from a variety of sources, including everyday leftovers, plastic packaging, beverages or canned food, waste paper, and glass bottles. Waste sorting is a critical stage in waste management.


What is a Paper Waste Management?


Paper waste management is the practice of reducing or eliminating paper use in order to prevent paper from being used inefficiently or disposed of in the first place. Printing on both sides of a sheet of paper, rather than just one, is a classic example of paper waste control, since it can minimise the need for paper by up to 50%. A waste bank may be a cooperative or a foundation with a service area of at least one sub-district. Every saver in a waste bank can save three types of waste including paper, plastic and metal. Newspapers, magazines, cardboard and duplexes are the examples of paper waste.

paper bank

What Type of Waste Could be Accepted?


Certain forms of waste may be accepted by waste banks as long as they have economic value based on the PERMEN LH No.13 of 2012, Annex II, section G. Each saver is supposed to sort their own waste and conserve waste in a clean and intact state so that the waste saved has a higher economic value. A waste bank will facilitate two forms of savings according to PERMEN LH No.13 of 2012, Attachment II, part F, namely individual investing or savings including regular savings, school savings, eid savings and social savings. Also, collective investing or savings such as recitation and mosque administration that may be used to cover community expenses.


What Will a Saver Gets?


Each saver will be given a savings book or account book in which they will record the amount of waste they have submitted as well as the amount of money they have. The price for each form of waste is determined by management agreement and market price. The implementation of a waste bank must take into account the fact that the proceeds from the selling of waste do not always belong to the saver, but there is a profit-sharing system in place between the saver and the waste bank operator. The most common profit-sharing ratio is 85:15, which means 85 percent for savers and 15 percent for waste bank implementers for waste bank operations according to PERMEN LH No.13 of 2012, Attachment II, section L.


A well-managed waste bank with strong relationships with waste management. From collectors to the recycling industry, can bring economic benefits to the city while also solving the current waste problem. In order to be profitable and operational in the long run, the waste bank must be linked to the recycling industry. A waste bank would also help to reduce the amount of waste that ends up in the final dump.



What is Eco-city Strategy? From the name itself, an ecologically healthy city. It is a concept to build a city with a healthy lifestyle, a ‘back-to-nature’ concept by giving more open space for trees, and also a stable city management that is concerned about the environmental aspect, economic, human resources and the citizen itself. The focus of the eco-city is not only the ‘green’ part like more trees to grow and energy saving, but also the way the citizens behave. Since 1988, global warming has become a global issue. The root cause is because of human activities that don’t consider the impact it has on nature. Like deforestation for opening up the fields for farming or living which reduce nature’s abilities to produce cleaner air, uncontrolled factory smoke waste that release CO2 emission which causes the greenhouse effect and the usage of substances like CFC for air conditioners which create a hole in the ozone layer. Those examples are a tiny portion of what’s going on everyday on our Earth that causes the rise of Earth temperature, melting down the ice on the North and South Pole, and rising the sea level. Global warming is a symptom that shows us the Earth is dying.


So, as an individual we have a role to help cure our Earth. As there are many movements with the concern to spread awareness of global warming to give education about what is global warming and how to prevent it from becoming worse, there is also another solution which can cover the problem with the help of the government. Eco-city development.

Eco city strategy

Why Eco-city can be the solution for the global warming issue?


The root cause of global warming is human activities. Building an Eco-city means providing the human in an environmentally-friendly space which then makes them produce less CO2 emission. The Eco-city environment will make the education to care about our Earth become easier. Earlier the education given means easier to make the habit out of it. There are already several cities that are successful in becoming the eco-city. Tokyo, a popular city in Japan, is one of the successful of Eco-city. It has a stable economy, green environment, clear and neat urban planning, and also a citizen which has the habit of reducing emissions and cares about their healthy environment. There is also Singapore with their Garden City concept, in which not only the city is environmentally friendly, but the people living there are also healthy and happy. The economy is also good since the city itself is attracting more investors because of the concept the city has.


Possibilities in Indonesia


The natural condition and the geography in Indonesia is one of the main keys to implement the eco-city concept in Indonesia. By selling the natural tourism concept, not only providing a good, healthy and green environment, but also securing the economic values of the city by attracting tourists and investors to visit Indonesia.



Our earth is facing a climate change that is dangerous for our earth. One of the ways to prevent this extreme climate change is to save or recycle energy. Recycling energy is very important in solving the challenges of climate change, although it takes a long time because it takes time to innovate technology to design sustainable technology that is the way we produce and store energy. Some of the Innovation Energy device are solar cells, wind turbines, rechargeable batteries and many more.

Energy Innovation

No one can deny that overcoming the negative environmental impacts of the global energy system is difficult. Data shows that energy consumption and production is responsible for more than two-thirds of the earth’s greenhouse gas emissions (more precisely 68% in 2014). Also, energy consumption and production make a very significant contribution to air pollution. We as human beings today must think critically about our earth, we need to act to fix this climate change. Action is needed in a number of areas, from measuring clean energy technologies and finding energy efficiency solutions that are immediately ready for market, to accelerating the innovation process and bringing a much wider range of new technologies and solutions to market as soon as possible.


Utilization of solar and wind energy as alternative energy sources to overcome the energy crisis, especially petroleum, which has occurred since the 1970s. The potential for solar energy in Indonesia is very large, namely around 4.8 KWh / m2 or equivalent to 112,000 GWp, but only 10 MWp has been utilized. Currently, the government has issued a roadmap for solar energy utilization which targets the installed PLTS capacity by 2025 to be 0.87 GW or around 50 MWp / year. This number is an illustration of a large enough market potential in the development of solar energy in the future. In Indonesia, it is also planned to launch the Wind Map in 2017 in order to facilitate the utilization of Indonesia’s wind energy. Large scale wind turbine technology can work well at speeds between 5-20 meters / second using Horizontal wind turbines. Less than 5 m / s is more suitable for conversion to mechanical energy or small-scale wind power generation using vertical turbines. The development of this energy innovation must be increased in Indonesia in order to reduce pollution caused by energy produced by petroleum which damages the environment.